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OECD Seeks To Set Standards On Financial Regulation

by Ulrika Lomas, Tax-News.com, Brussels

10 December 2009


The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has established a set of key principles to guide financial policy makers as they look to fundamental reform that will achieve strong, resilient financial systems that play their part in driving economic growth.

Among the issues the principles address are the need for increased transparency, more effective surveillance and greater accountability to the public.

The ten key principles for financial regulation are elaborated in an OECD study which is already providing the basis for more targeted OECD analysis, for example, of ways to address the specific challenges of designing a proper regulatory approach to financial innovation.

Welcoming the agreement of member countries on the principles, OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría underlined the importance of well-thought out reform for sustainable economic growth:

“The systemic importance of the financial system was clearly demonstrated by the huge human and social impact of the crisis."

"To prevent its recurrence, we need to correct a number of failures, including of regulation, supervision, corporate governance and risk management. This is a major task and to accomplish it, we cannot rely only on incremental, piecemeal reform” continued Mr Gurría.

“We must get the whole system right so that the financial sector can effectively resume its vital role in the functioning of the global economy.”

Increasing transparency is key, according to the OECD study. The complexity and opaqueness of products made risk assessment difficult for firms and investors and hindered market transparency, a major cause of the crisis.

The principles call for domestic and international efforts to ensure that comprehensive, relevant, up-to-date and internationally comparable statistics and indicators are available. Governmental authorities should have the legal powers to compel the collection and dissemination of data, the OECD argues.

The OECD would like to see surveillance and analysis of the financial system strengthened, involving close cooperation among governments. Market failure analysis should be carried out to assess the efficiency of the system and understand evolving problems.

The OECD also underlined the need for greater accountability of governments. Governmental authorities, including regulators, should publish annual reports that give an overview of developments in the financial system, identify key risks and explain how they are addressing them, the Organization suggested.

According to the OECD it sees ongoing review and reform as critical to ensure that governmental authorities stay on top of innovation, develop a comprehensive view, coordinate their actions, and are held to account.

A comprehensive report in our Intelligence Report series giving a country-by-country analysis of offshore investment funds, stock exchanges and trusts, with an analysis of the US QI regime, is available in the Lowtax Library at http://www.lowtaxlibrary.com/asp/subs_reports.asp and a description of the report can be seen at http://www.lowtaxlibrary.com/asp/description_report9.asp
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