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Free Trade Winning Out Over Trade Protectionism: WTO

by Ulrika Lomas,, Brussels

06 December 2017

WTO members introduced fewer trade-restrictive measures from mid-October 2016 to mid-October 2017 compared with the previous year, according to the WTO's annual overview report on trade-related developments presented on December 4.

According to the report, WTO members continued to implement more trade-facilitating than trade-restrictive measures; the estimated trade coverage of the import-facilitating measures recorded in the review period was more than double the import-restricting measures. In addition, the import-facilitating measures implemented during the review period in the context of the expanded Information Technology Agreement (ITA) – agreed in December 2015 to eliminate tariffs on trade in about 200 more IT products – amounted to around USD385bn.

The report, which was discussed at the December 4 meeting of the WTO's Trade Policy Review Body (TPRB), shows that 108 new trade-restrictive measures were put in place, including new or increased tariffs, customs regulations, quantitative restrictions, and local content measures. This equates to an average of nine measures per month compared with 15 in the previous period (mid-October 2015 to mid-October 2016).

During the same period, members implemented 128 measures aimed at facilitating trade. At almost 11 trade-facilitating measures per month, this remains significantly lower than the monthly average recorded in the previous annual overview report. It is noteworthy that the estimated trade coverage of import-facilitating measures (USD169bn) is more than twice that of import-restrictive measures (USD79bn).

There was also a slight deceleration both in initiations of trade remedy investigations and in terminations of trade remedy measures compared to the previous annual overview and to the whole of 2016. The trade coverage of trade remedy initiations and terminations recorded in the report is estimated at USD76bn and USD12bn, respectively. Anti-dumping measures continue to make up the bulk of all trade remedy initiations.

"The economic context for this year's report is interesting, to say the least," WTO Director-General Roberto Azevêdo said in his address to the TPRB. "International trade flows have rebounded strongly during the last 12 months after a sharp slowdown in 2016. In September we upgraded our forecast for trade growth in 2017. This was due to a sharp acceleration in global trade growth in the first half of the year. The original forecast was 2.4 percent, and we are now forecasting growth of 3.6 percent. This improved outlook is very welcome, but substantial risks that threaten the world economy remain in place and could easily undermine any trade recovery. Looking ahead, we need to keep up the hard work to help facilitate trade. And of course, this includes avoiding measures which can hamper and restrict trade flows."

"Further progress will require continued commitment. I urge members to redouble efforts to refrain from implementing new trade-restrictive measures, and to reverse existing measures," he added.

TAGS: tax | export duty | interest | law | tariffs | import duty | regulation | trade | free trade zone

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